How To Stain Unfinished Wood

Jun - 02

How To Stain Unfinished Wood

Use this guide to choose the best adhesive for any project. Apply a clear protective finish before the stain has dried completely. Stains are formulated to dry in the wood, not on the wood. These hardwoods share many of the characteristics of oak and should be stained in the same manner described above for oak. All stains require open pores for adequate absorption into the wood.

applying stain

Ensure the surface is clean, dry, and free from dirt, wax, grease, glue, and other contaminants or penetration and adhesion will be affected. Match color tone on different kinds of woods and non-porous surfaces, such as fiberglass. My name is Ryan Cunningham and I have been a professional painter since 2001.

Can You Stain Over A Varnish?

Pay attention to how long you leave the stain on the wood before wiping off any unabsorbed liquid. Generally speaking, for woods like oak and steps to stain wood pine, I don’t like to go any finer than 120-grit or any rougher than 100-grit. Stay close to that range and the wood should look great.

And as stains work by doing exactly that, , over an oil finish isn’t going to work. Tung oil is a natural dry oil used by woodworkers around the world to finish fine furniture. This wood finishing oil – typically made from a varnish and tung oil blend – is used to add a water-proof layer onto bare wood. However, gel stain gives texture and color to timber by sitting on top of the wood, . My mother in law finished a gorgeous set of bookcases with them.

How To Solid Stain A Deck

Your choice of methods depends partly on your personal preference, but each type of stain is best suited to certain methods. If you’re going to use a gel stain, apply it with a rag and wipe it down once the desired color is reached. Gel stains should not be applied with a brush or pad. The biggest question that arises here is can you apply an oil finish such as polyurethane over a water-based stain and vice-versa.

  • Find a small piece of wood that’s the same type you’ll be staining, if possible.
  • Staining over a varnish is possible, but set your expectations right.
  • Again, for more details on the full staining process, check out how to stain wood.
  • You want a nice even layer and color when you wipe the stain on.

Cover the entire piece of wood evenly with a thin layer of the wood conditioner. Weather conditions are a big factor when it comes to staining a deck. Your can of stain will tell you the preferred outdoor temperature, but most suggest between 45 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Humidity also plays a factor so try to stain when the relative humidity is between 40% and 70%. You also don’t want to apply stain in direct sunlight. Staining in direct sunlight causes the stain to flash dry instead of soaking down into the wood.

Applying The Stain

Open up the can of stain and stir it up really well. Some of the color can settle at the bottom, so be sure to stir before and during application, to ensure the truest, most even tone and color. You can use a bristle or foam brush to apply, or a shop rag or even an old t-shirt. I just grab some disposable gloves, a shop rag, and dip a corner of the rag into the stain and start working the stain into the wood in a circular motion. I immediately go back and wipe up any unabsorbed stain – don’t let excess stain dry on the surface of your project because it’ll cause issues later on.

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